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Korea Scored 63 Points in the 2023 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

  • Date2024-02-02
  • Hit4,458

 “Korea Scored 63 Points in the 2023 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), Continuing from the Previous Year, Ranking 22nd among OECD Members”

- Transparency International released the 2023 Corruption Perceptions Index on Jan. 30

- ACRC to focus on eradication of corruption and irregularities infringing upon people’s livelihoods and spreading a culture of integrity throughout society -

In the 2023 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) released on January 30 by the Transparency International (TI), Korea scored 63 points on a maximum of 100 points and ranked 32nd out of 180 countries and territories.

* (2019) 59 points → (2020) 61 points (2021) 62 points (2022) 63 points (2023) 63 points

Korea maintained its score, consistent with the previous year, and went down by a notch as Cabo Verde improved (35th 30th), placing above Korea. Among the OECD members, Korea secured the 22nd place, continuing from the previous year.

The CPI released every year by the TI based in Berlin, Germany since 1995 measures the perceived level of corruption in the public and political sector in a country on a scale from 0 to 100, with 0 meaning highly corrupt and 100 meaning very clean. According to an explanation from the TI, the rank is not as important as the score in terms of indicating the level of corruption in that country.

The result of the 2023 CPI may be attributable to: the solidification of anti-corruption laws and institutions, such as the Anti-Graft Act and Conflict of Interest Prevention Act; ▲ the efforts to prevent leakage of public finances through strengthened management of subsidies and preventing irregular disbursements; and proactive responses to social corruption issues such as irregularities in hiring practices since the current government took office, in accordance with consistent anti-corruption policies based on laws and principles.

It was analyzed that the score has not increased compared to the previous year and remain unchanged due to power-related corruption, such as the National Election Commissions preferential hiring of high-ranking officials children that have deepened the relative sense of deprivation among the citizens, exerting a negative impact on both domestic and international perceptions.

However, thanks to the governments sustained efforts and achievements in pursuing anti-corruption policies, the international communitys perception of the level of corruption in Korea has been steadily improving.

For instance, in the 2023 Index of Public Integrity (IPI) recently released in January 2024 by the European Research Center for Anti-corruption and State-Building (ERCAS), Korea achieved its highest ranking ever, securing the 15th position out of 119 countries globally and ranking 1st in the Asian region.

In addition, in the Bribery Risk Matrix (BRM) of TRACE International based in the U.S. measuring the likelihood of encountering bribe demands when doing business in a given jurisdiction, Korea ranked 19th out of 194 countries, classified as the country group of ‘very low risk’ in terms of bribery risk, receiving continuously positive evaluation.

Corruption control assessments based on data, such as the Index of Public Integrity (IPI) and Bribery Risk Matrix (BRM), aim to enhance the objectivity of evaluations, forming a complementary relationship with the CPI, which is grounded in experts and business professionals subjective perceptions.

Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission (ACRC, Chairperson Yoo Cheol-hwan) plans to concentrate its efforts on the following anti-corruption policies to propel South Korea into a recognized advanced nation in terms of integrity.

Firstly, the Commission plans to actively address urgent and significant corruption issues, such as power abuse and cartel corruption, inspect and improve customary corrupt practices at the local level, and enhance the management of public finance misappropriation by focusing on vulnerable areas of public finance, ensuring that national finances are not wasted.

Secondly, the Commission plans to rationalize regulations that may be inconsistent with the reality within anti-corruption norms, such as the Improper Solicitations and Graft Act to enhance the effectiveness of institutional operations. Additionally, ACRC will strengthen the sharing and utilization of data accumulated in comprehensive anti-corruption platforms like the Clean Portal, proactively identifying and addressing areas vulnerable to corruption.

Thirdly, the Commission will strengthen the detection of recruitment irregularities through comprehensive investigations into public service-related organizations and focused inquiries into oversight blind spots. This involves enhancing efforts to uncover recruitment corruption and fundamentally addressing irregularities in recruitment regulations. Additionally, there will be a focus on promoting integrity education for elected and high-ranking officials, as well as the younger generation, and efforts will be made to enhance protection and support for whistleblowers reporting corruption and public interest violations, with the aim of spreading a culture of integrity throughout society.

Lastly, the Commission plans to objectively and accurately communicate Korea's underrated anti-corruption policies and achievements to international experts and businesspeople, and take a proactive role in leading international anti-corruption initiatives, participating in forums such as the UN, OECD, G20, and actively promoting Koreas anti-corruption practices to enhance the national image.

ACRC Chairperson Yoo Cheol-hwan said, The ACRC will do its best to uphold the law and principles and strive to realize a transparent and fair society that aligns with common sense among the public for the continuous improvement of Koreas performance in the Corruption Perceptions Index.

 

 

Reference

 

2023 CPI Country Results

 

refers to 38 OECD members

Rank

Name of Country

CPI Score

Rank

Name of Country

CPI Score

1

Denmark

90

47

Poland

54

2

Finland

87

47

Slovakia

54

3

New Zealand

85

48

Cyprus

53

4

Norway

84

48

Georgia

53

5

Singapore

83

48

Grenada

53

6

Sweden

82

48

Rwanda

53

6

Switzerland

82

53

Fiji

52

8

Netherlands

79

53

Saudi Arabia

52

9

Germany

78

55

Malta

51

9

Luxembourg

78

55

Mauritius

51

11

Ireland

77

57

Croatia

50

12

Canada

76

57

Malaysia

50

12

Estonia

76

59

Greece

49

14

Australia

75

59

Namibia

49

14

Hong Kong

75

61

Vanuatu

48

16

Belgium

73

62

Armenia

47

16

Japan

73

63

Jordan

46

16

Uruguay

73

63

Kuwait

46

19

Iceland

72

63

Montenegro

46

20

Austria

71

63

Romania

46

20

France

71

67

Bulgaria

45

20

Seychelles

71

67

Sao Tome and Principe

45

20

United Kingdom

71

69

Jamaica

44

24

Barbados

69

70

Benin

43

24

United States

69

70

Ghana

43

26

Bhutan

68

70

Oman

43

27

United Arab Emirates

68

70

Senegal

43

28

Taiwan

67

70

Solomon Islands

43

29

Chile

66

70

Timor-Leste

43

30

Bahamas

64

76

Bahrain

42

30

Cabo Verde

64

76

China

42

32

Korea, South

63

76

Cuba

42

33

Israel

62

76

Hungary

42

34

Lithuania

61

76

Moldova

42

34

Portugal

61

76

North Macedonia

42

36

Latvia

60

76

Trinidad and Tobago

42

36

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

60

83

Burkina Faso

41

36

Spain

60

84

Kosovo

41

39

Botswana

59

84

South Africa

41

40

Qatar

58

84

Vietnam

41

41

Czechia

57

87

Colombia

40

42

Dominica

56

87

Cote d'Ivoire

40

42

Italy

56

87

Guyana

40

42

Slovenia

56

87

Suriname

40

45

Costa Rica

55

87

Tanzania

40

45

Saint Lucia

55

87

Tunisia

40

93

India

39

136

Laos

28

93

Kazakhstan

39

136

Mali

28

93

Lesotho

39

136

Paraguay

28

93

Maldives

39

140

Cameroon

27

97

Morocco

38

141

Guinea

26

98

Argentina

37

141

Kyrgyzstan

26

98

Albania

37

141

Russia

26

98

Belarus

37

141

Uganda

26

98

Ethiopia

37

145

Liberia

25

98

Gambia

37

145

Madagascar

25

98

Zambia

37

145

Mozambique

25

104

Algeria

36

145

Nigeria

25

104

Brazil

36

149

Bangladesh

24

104

Serbia

36

149

Central African Republic

24

104

Ukraine

36

149

Iran

24

108

Bosnia and Herzegovina

35

149

Lebanon

24

108

Dominican Republic

35

149

Zimbabwe

24

108

Egypt

35

154

Azerbaijan

23

108

Nepal

35

154

Guatemala

23

108

Panama

35

154

Honduras

23

108

Sierra Leone

35

154

Iraq

23

108

Thailand

35

158

Cambodia

22

115

Ecuador

34

158

Congo

22

115

Indonesia

34

158

Guinea-Bissau

22

115

Malawi

34

161

Eritrea

21

115

Philippines

34

162

Afghanistan

20

115

Sri Lanka

34

162

Burundi

20

115

Turkey

34

162

Chad

20

121

Angola

33

162

Comoros

20

121

Mongolia

33

162

Democratic Republic of the Congo

20

121

Peru

33

162

Myanmar

20

121

Uzbekistan

33

162

Sudan

20

125

Niger

32

162

Tajikistan

20

126

El Salvador

31

170

Libya

18

126

Kenya

31

170

Turkmenistan

18

126

Mexico

31

172

Equatorial Guinea

17

126

Togo

31

172

Haiti

17

130

Djibouti

30

172

Korea, North

17

130

Eswatini

30

172

Nicaragua

17

130

Mauritania

30

176

Yemen

16

133

Bolivia

29

177

South Sudan

13

133

Pakistan

29

177

Syria

13

133

Papua New Guinea

29

179

Venezuela

13

136

Gabon

28

180

Somalia

11

 

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